# Distinguish between Electrophile and nucleophile. - Chemistry

Distinguish Between

Distinguish between Electrophile and nucleophile.

#### Solution

 No. Electrophile Nucleophile 1. An electrophile is an electron-deficient species. A nucleophile is an electron-rich species. 2. It is attracted towards negative charges (electron seeking). It is attracted towards a positive charge (nucleus seeking). 3. It attacks a nucleophilic center in the substrate and brings about an electrophilic reaction It attacks the electrophilic center in the substrate and brings about a nucleophilic reaction. 4. It is an electron pair acceptor. (Lewis acid) It is an electron-pair donor. (Lewis base) 5. It can be a positively charged ion or a neutral species having a vacant orbital. It can be negatively charged ion or neutral species having at least one lone pair of electrons 6. e.g. H+, Br+,$\ce{NO^+_2}$, BF3, AlCl3, etc. e.g. OH-, Cl-, CN-, etc.
Concept: Theoretical Basis of Organic Reactions
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#### APPEARS IN

Balbharati Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 14 Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
Exercises | Q 7. (B) | Page 231
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