Discuss the cognitive changes taking place in a developing child. - Psychology

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Discuss the cognitive changes taking place in a developing child.



The cognitive changes that take place in a developing child are as follows:

  • 0-2 years: This is the age of sensory motors whereby, infant explores the world by coordinating sensory experiences with physical actions.

  • 2-7 years: In this age, Preoperational thinking begins and the child acquires the concept of object permanence that enables him/her to use mental symbols to represent objects. The child does not have the ability to judge or assume the consequences of actions before performing them.

  • The child also acquires preoperational thought, i.e., s/he gains the ability to mentally represent an object that is not physically present.

  • The children are egocentric and develop animist thought

  • 4-7 years: Children develop intuitive thought. This enables them to question the things happening around them.

  • 7-11 years: This age is marked by the development of concrete operational thought, whereby a logical thought is developed and the child can reason logically about concrete events, classify objects into sets and perform reversible mathematical operations.

  • 11-15 years: The adolescents in this age develop formal operational thought, which leads to hypothetical thinking and is able to apply logic abstractly. They also develop a special kind of egocentrism of imaginary audience and personal fable.

Concept: Challenges of Adolescence
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Chapter 4: Human Development - Review Questions [Page 83]


NCERT Class 11 Psychology
Chapter 4 Human Development
Review Questions | Q 6 | Page 83

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