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Discuss the Composition of the Supreme Court of India. - History and Civics

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Answer in Brief

 Discuss the composition of the Supreme Court of India.

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Solution 1

Composition of the Supreme Court: The Supreme Court consists of a Chief Justice and 25 other Judges or as decided by the Parliament. The Judges of Supreme Court are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with such Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts as he deems necessary. Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall hold office till he attains the age of 65 years. During his office, a Judge may be removed by the Parliament or resign from his office by submitting his resignation to the President. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court with the prior consent of the President may appoint ad hoc Judges for the time being, if quorum of Judges is not available to hold the sessions of the Court. The qualifications required to become a Supreme Court Judge are:
(i) He must be a citizen of India.
(ii) He should have worked as a judge of High Court continuously for at least five years.
He should have been for 10 years an advocate of two or more High Courts.
He should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President.

Solution 2

The Constitution of India provides for a Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and not more than 30 judges who are appointed by the President of India with consultation of the Chief Justice of India. .

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
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ICSE ICSE Class 10 History and Civics
Chapter 4 The Union Judiciary (The Supreme Court)
Long Questions | Q 1
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