Discuss characteristics of bureaucracy.
Bureaucracy is the administrative organization working under the aegis of union executive and is entrusted with the responsibility of day-to-day business of a government.
1. Permanent Mechanism: Bureaucracy constitute the permanent executive of the government entrusted with the responsibility of some of the crucial functions that require consistency. Example – Maintenance of law and order, tax collection, environmental protection etc
2. Political neutrality: Bureaucracy is expected to work impartially and fair regardless of the political party in power. New party forming the government will trust the bureaucracy with non-partisanship, thus, fostering mutual trust enabling both to work together for the public interest. All India Services (conduct) Rules direct that an officer must not take part in politics. He/she must not give election fund or assistance to any political party.
3. Anonymity: Anonymity is an important characteristic enabling civil servant to render advice impartially, frankly, and freely with the assurance that he/she is not dragged into the public debate. The concerned minister is accountable for policy outcomes. All India Services (conduct) Rules 1968 prescribe that the civil servant to avoid occasions of self-publicity so that their anonymity is preserved.