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Solution - Describe the Digestive Role of Chymotrypsin. What Two Other Digestive Enzymes of the Same Category Are Secreted by Its Source Gland - CBSE (Science) Class 11 - Biology

Question

Describe the digestive role of chymotrypsin. What two other digestive enzymes of the same category are secreted by its source gland?

Solution 1

The enzyme trypsin (present in the pancreatic juice) activates the inactive enzyme chymotrypsinogen into chymotrypsin.

Chymotrypsinogen  Chymotrypsin

(Inactive)                                           (Active)

The activated chymotrypsin plays an important role in the further breakdown of the partially-hydrolysed proteins.

Proteins  Peptides

The other digestive enzymes of the same category are trypsinogen and carboxypeptidase. These are secreted by the same source-gland, pancreas.

Trypsinogen is present in an inactive form in the pancreatic juice. The enzyme enterokinase – secreted by the intestinal mucosa – activates trypsinogen into trypsin.

Trypsinogen  Trypsin + Inactive peptide

The activated trypsin then further hydrolyses the remaining trypsinogen and activates other pancreatic enzymes such as chymotrypsinogen and carboxypeptidase. Trypsin also helps in breaking down proteins into peptides.

Proteins  Peptides

Carboxypeptidases act on the carboxyl end of the peptide chain and help in releasing the last amino acids.

Peptides  Small peptide chain + Amino acids

Solution 2

Chymotrypsin is a proteolytic enzyme of pancreatic juice secreted by exocrine part of pancreas. It helps in digestion of proteins. It converts proteins, peptones and proteoses into oligopeptides and dipeptides. Two other proteolytic enzymes present in pancreatic juice are trypsinogen and procarboxypeptidase.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Biology Textbook for Class 11 (with solutions)
Chapter 16: Digestion and Absorption
Q: 8 | Page no. 267

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [1]

Reference Material

Solution for question: Describe the Digestive Role of Chymotrypsin. What Two Other Digestive Enzymes of the Same Category Are Secreted by Its Source Gland concept: Digestion of Food. For the courses CBSE (Science), CBSE (Arts), CBSE (Commerce)
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