Differentiate Between Toilet Soap and Laundry Soap. - Science and Technology 2

Distinguish Between

Differentiate between Toilet soap and Laundry soap.



Toilet Soap Laundry Soap
It has high-quality fats and oils as raw materials. It has low-quality fats and oils as
raw materials.
Expensive perfumes are added to these soaps. Cheap perfumes are added to these
To avoid skin injuries, special care is
taken to ensure that there is no free
No such care is taken.
Fillers are absent. Fillers are present.
Concept: Soap
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2014-2015 (March)


Would you be able to check if water is hard by using a detergent?

State one use of saponification process. 

Fill in the following blank with suitable word:

............. is better than soap for washing clothes when the water is hard.

Why is common salt (sodium chloride) added during the preparation of soap?

The chemical mostly used in the preparation of most of the soaps we use is

(a) Sodium chloride

(b) Potassium hydroxide

(c) Sodium hydroxide

(a) Potassium chloride

What are detergents chemically? List two merits and two demerits of using detergents for cleansing. State the reason for the suitability of detergents for washing, event in the case of water having calcium and magnesium ions.

What is a soap?

Give a scientific explanation.

Soap forms a precipitate in hard water. 

Differentiate between:
Detergents and Soaps.

Fill appropriate term in the blank:

Soap is a salt of _______ and sodium hydroxide.

Write an answer to the following question.

How will you check with the help of soap powder whether water is hard?

Write an answer to the following question.

What is meant by 'surface activity'?

Write an answer to the following question.

Name three chemicals responsible for the surface activity of various detergents.

What are the differences between Soap and synthetic detergent?

What are the similarities and differences between Bath soap and soap for washing clothes?

Explain Why Soap cannot be used in hard water.

Explain Why Synthetic detergents are superior to soap.

Explain Why Often coloured spots are formed on clothes during washing.

The saponification of a fat or oil is done using _____ solution for hot process.

Water, coconut oil, and _______ are necessary for soap preparation.

Match the following

1. Soap C6H5 OH
2. Cement CaSO4.2H2O
3. Fertilizers NaOH
4. Gypsum RCC
5. Phenol NPK

Arrange the following statements in correct sequence

  1. Pour that solution into an empty matchbox, soap can be obtained after drying.
  2. Take the necessary quantity of water in a jar.
  3. Then add coconut oil drop by drop and stir it well.
  4. Add concentrated sodium hydroxide in the jar and allow it to cool.
  5. Try this soap to wash your hand kerchief.
  6. Cover your work area with old newspaper.

What are the two different types of molecules found in the soap?

TFM in soaps represents ______ content in soap.

The alkaline hydrolysis of fatty acids is termed as ______

We are using ______ to remove strong stains on the clothes.

How does soap clean clothes?

______ to remove strong strains on the clothes.

______ are substances which can undergo chemical changes to produce certain materials.

______ molecules go and join with dirt and oil in the cloth.

The soap molecule has a

  1.  Write the formula and draw electron dot structure of carbon tetrachloride.
  2. What is saponification? Write the reaction involved in this process.

What are soaps?

What are the similarities between Soap and synthetic detergent.


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