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Differentiate Between Metal and Non-metal on the Basis of Their Chemical Properties. - Science

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Differentiate between metal and non-metal on the basis of their chemical properties.

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Solution 1

Metal Non-metal
Metals are electropositive. Non-metals are electronegative.
Oxides of metal are basic in nature. Oxides of non-metals are acidic in nature.
Metals displace hydrogen from dilute acids. They can’t replace hydrogen from dilute acids.
Metals form chlorides which are electrovalent or ionic compounds. Non-metals form chlorides which are covalent compounds.
They react with water to form oxides and hydroxides. Some metals react with cold water, some with hot water, and some with steam. They do not react with water.

Solution 2

Chemical properties Metals Non-metals
(i) Reaction with oxygen Metals react with oxygen to form basic oxides. Non-metals react with oxygen to form acidic or neutral oxides.            
(ii) Reaction with water Metals react with water to form metal hydroxide and hydrogen gas Non-metals do not react with water.
(iii) Reaction with dilute acid Metals react with dilute acids to form metal salts and they displace hydrogen from acids. Non-metals do not react with dilute acids.
Concept: Physical Properties of Metals
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Science
Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals
Q 14 | Page 57
Lakhmir Singh Class 10 Chemistry (Science)
Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals
Q 65.2 | Page 135
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