Differentiate between metal and non-metal on the basis of their chemical properties.
|Metals are electropositive.||Non-metals are electronegative.|
|Oxides of metal are basic in nature.||Oxides of non-metals are acidic in nature.|
|Metals displace hydrogen from dilute acids.||They can’t replace hydrogen from dilute acids.|
|Metals form chlorides which are electrovalent or ionic compounds.||Non-metals form chlorides which are covalent compounds.|
|They react with water to form oxides and hydroxides. Some metals react with cold water, some with hot water, and some with steam.||They do not react with water.|
|(i) Reaction with oxygen||Metals react with oxygen to form basic oxides.||Non-metals react with oxygen to form acidic or neutral oxides.|
|(ii) Reaction with water||Metals react with water to form metal hydroxide and hydrogen gas||Non-metals do not react with water.|
|(iii) Reaction with dilute acid||Metals react with dilute acids to form metal salts and they displace hydrogen from acids.||Non-metals do not react with dilute acids.|
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Differentiate Between Metal and Non-metal on the Basis of Their Chemical Properties. Concept: Metals and Nonmetals - Chemical Properties of Metals - Reactivity Series.