Detergents and Soaps.
Differentiate between: Detergents and soaps
|i.||Detergents are generally ammonium or sulphonate salts of long-chain carboxylic acids.||i.||Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long-chain carboxylic acids.|
|ii.||Detergents have a strong cleansing action.||ii.||Soaps have relatively weak cleansing action.|
|iii.||Oils or fats are not used in their manufacture, usually, petrochemicals are used to produce detergents.||iii.||Vegetable oils or animal fats are used along with hydroxide of sodium or potassium to manufacture soaps.|
|iv.||They function well in hard or soft water.||iv.||They do not work well in had water but work well in soft water.|
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