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Differentiate Between: Detergents and Soaps. - Science and Technology 2

Distinguish Between

Differentiate between:
Detergents and Soaps.

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Solution

Differentiate between: Detergents and soaps

  Detergents   Soaps
i. Detergents are generally ammonium or sulphonate salts of long-chain carboxylic acids. i. Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long-chain carboxylic acids.
ii. Detergents have a strong cleansing action. ii. Soaps have relatively weak cleansing action.
iii. Oils or fats are not used in their manufacture, usually, petrochemicals are used to produce detergents. iii.  Vegetable oils or animal fats are used along with hydroxide of sodium or potassium to manufacture soaps.
iv. They function well in hard or soft water. iv. They do not work well in had water but work well in soft water.
Concept: Soap
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