# Determine the maximum and minimum value of the following function. f(x) = x log x - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Determine the maximum and minimum value of the following function.

f(x) = x log x

#### Solution

f(x) = x log x

∴ f'(x) ="x" "d"/"dx" (log "x") + log "x" "d"/"dx" ("x")

= "x" xx 1/"x" + log "x" xx 1 = 1 + log "x"

and f''(x) = 0 + 1/"x" = 1/"x"

Consider, f'(x) = 0

∴ 1 + log x = 0

∴ log x = - 1

∴ log x = - log e = log e-1 = log (1/"e")

∴ x = 1/"e"

For x = 1/"e"

f''(1/"e") = 1/(1/"e") = "e" > 0

∴ f(x) attains minimum value at x = 1/"e".

∴ Minimum value = "f"(1/"e") = 1/"e" log (1/"e") = 1/"e" log "e"^-1

= ((- 1)/"e") (1) = ((- 1)/"e")

∴ The function f(x) has minimum value (-1)/"e" at x = 1/"e".

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#### APPEARS IN

Balbharati Mathematics and Statistics 1 (Commerce) 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 4 Applications of Derivatives
Exercise 4.3 | Q 1.2 | Page 109
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