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Determine, by Drawing Graphs, Whether the Following System of Linear Equations Has a Unique Solution Or Not : 2x − 3y = 6, X + Y = 1 - Mathematics

Determine, by drawing graphs, whether the following system of linear equations has a unique solution or not :

2x − 3y = 6, x + y = 1

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Solution

The given equations are

2x − 3y = 6 .....(i)

x + y = 1 .....(ii)

Putting x = 0 in equation (i) we get

`=> 2 xx 0 - 3y = 6`

`=> y = -2`

x = 0, y = -2

Putting y = 0 in equation (i) we get

`=> 2x - 3 xx 0 = 6`

`=> x = 3`

x = 3, y = 0

Use the following table to draw the graph.

x 0 3
y -2 0

Draw the graph by plotting the two points A(0,-2), B(3,0) from table

Graph of the equation....(ii)

x + y = 1 ... (ii)

Putting x = 0 in equation (ii) we get

=> 0 + y = 1

=> y = 1

:. x = 0, y = 1

Putting y = 0 in equation (ii) we get

x + 0 = 1

=> x = 1

x = 1, y = 0

Use the following table to draw the graph.

x 1 1
y 0 0

Draw the graph by plotting the two points C(0,1), D(1,0) from table.

The two lines intersect at a point P(9/5, -4/5).

Hence the equations have unique solution.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Exercise 3.2 | Q 21.1 | Page 29
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