Describe the town planning of Harappa. - History

Long Answer

Describe the town planning of Harappa.



  1. Each city had two distinct parts: the elevated Citadel and the Lower Town.
  2. East to west or north to south was the grid-like arrangement for the main roads.
  3. The houses at the street corners were rounded to make it easier for carts to pass.
  4. Every bit of domestic sewage was dumped into the street drains.
  5. The streets that crossed the main road at right angles divided the city into square or rectangular blocks.
  6. The residential buildings were built on a high mound to protect them from floods.
  7. Larger homes with courtyards, up to twelve rooms, private wells, and restrooms were available as well as single-room tenants. Every home had covered drains that connected to street drains.
  8. The homes were made of brick and wood and each had doors, windows, and ventilators.
Concept: Mohenjodaro: a Planned Urban Centre
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2022-2023 (March) Delhi Set 1


Answer in 100-150 words

Would you agree that the drainage system in Harappan cities indicates town planning? Give reasons for your answer.

Write a short essay (about 500 words) on the following:

Describe some ofthe distinctive features of Mohenjodaro. 

The ‘Great Bath’ was found in which town of the Indus Valley Civilisation?

Which town in Indus Valley Civilisation had no Citadel?

Consider the following statements regarding the features of the Harappan settlements.

  1. The Harappan settlements were often small.
  2. They had no large buildings
  3. Harappan settlements had a well-planned network of roads.
  4. Drainage system was the key feature of the Harappan settlements.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Match the Harappan site with the state in which it is located.

(a) Lothal (i) Haryana
(b) Kalibangan (ii) Gujarat
(c) Harappa (iii) Rajasthan
(d) Banawali (iv)  Pakistan

Which of these is the feature of Harappan Civilisation?

Who among the following was the first Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)?

In the domestic architecture of Harappa there were no windows in the walls along the ground level. Identify the possible cause mentioned by the archaeologists from the following options.

Carefully examine the map of the Citadel area of Mohenjodaro and answer the question that follows:

Identify the two most important buildings located in the citadel area of Mohenjodaro.

Carefully examine the map of the Citadel area of Mohenjodaro and answer the question that follows:

Choose the correct option.

Assertion(A): Citadel was smaller but higher part of Mohenjodaro.

Reason(R): It is on the citadel that we find evidence of structures that were probably used for special public purposes.

Carefully examine the map of the Citadel area of Mohenjodaro and answer the question that follows:

Consider the following statements :

a) The Great Bath was a large round tank.

b) There were two flights of stairs on the north and the south of the tank.

Choose the correct option:

Where was a public bath and a warehouse found in the Indus Valley during excavation?

The Archaeologist Rakhal Das Banerji discovered which of the following?

'The Great Bath' and 'The Great Granary' belong to which site?

Which of the following is the only Indus city without a citadel?

Which of the following were found in Mohenjo-Daro?

Describe any three features of the Harrapan drainage system.

'Mohenjodaro was a planned Urban Centre.' Support the statement with suitable arguments.

Consider the following statements regarding Harappan Culture and choose the correct option.

  1. The most unique feature was the development of urban centres.
  2. The settlements were divided into two sections i.e. the citadel and the lower town.
  3. Drainage system was ordinary and unplanned.
  4. Roads were not laid out along a grid pattern.

Describe any three features of the ‘Great Bath’ used in the Harappan settlements.


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