Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 11

Describe the Aufbau principle. - Chemistry

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Answer in Brief

Describe the Aufbau principle.

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Solution

In the ground state of the atoms, the orbitals are filled in the order of their increasing energies. That is the electrons first occupy the lowest energy orbital available to them. Once the lower energy orbitals are completely filled, then the electrons enter the next higher energy orbitals.

The order of filling of various orbitals as per Aufbau principle is 1s < 2s < 2p < 3s < 3p < 4s < 3d < 4p < 5s < 4d ...…

For e.g., K (Z = 19)

The electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1.

After filling 4s orbital only we have to fill up 3d orbital.

Concept: Filling of Orbitals
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Chapter 2: Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom - Evaluation [Page 65]

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Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide
Chapter 2 Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom
Evaluation | Q II. 15. | Page 65
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