Describe schematically the equipotential surfaces corresponding to
(a) a constant electric field in the z-direction,
(b) a field that uniformly increases in magnitude but remains in a constant (say, z) direction,
(c) a single positive charge at the origin, and
(d) a uniform grid consisting of long equally spaced parallel charged wires in a plane.
(a) Equidistant planes parallel to the x-y plane are the equipotential surfaces.
(b) Planes parallel to the x-y plane are the equipotential surfaces with the exception that when the planes get closer, the field increases.
(c) Concentric spheres centered at the origin are equipotential surfaces.
(d) A periodically varying shape near the given grid is the equipotential surface. This shape gradually reaches the shape of planes parallel to the grid at a larger distance.