Describe India - China relations from 1947 to 1962.
The neighbours India and China are the largest Asian countries and the most populous countries. Both countries extend influence and control on the periphery of their borders. However, their regions never overlapped. Thus, their influence on each other was minimal.
After India’s independence from British rule, it was believed that both nations (India– China) would come together to develop Asia. This belief briefly made the slogan ‘Hindi–Chini bhai bhai’ popular. However, soon both states were involved in differences arising from the Chinese takeover of Tibet in 1950 and the final settlement of the Sino-Indian border. Both nations were involved in a border conflict in 1962 over territorial claims principally in Arunachal Pradesh and in the Aksai region of Ladakh.
This further increased the tension between the two countries and the peaceful negotiations failed. Diplomatic relations between India and China were downgraded until 1976.
After the Cold War came to an end, significant changes have taken place in the relation between the countries. Both governments aim to curb conflict and maintain peace and tranquillity on the border. They have also signed agreements on cultural exchanges and cooperation in science and technology and opened border posts for trade.
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