Advertisement Remove all ads

Describe the asexual and sexual phases of life cycle of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans - Biology

Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads

Describe the asexual and sexual phases of life cycle of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution

Life Cycle of Plasmodium

Plasmodium requires two hosts to complete its life cycle.

• When female Anopheles mosquito bites a healthy human being, it releases Plasmodium, which lives in its body as sporozoite (infectious form).

• The parasites multiply (asexual reproduction) in the liver cells and finally burst the liver cells. Sporozoites are released in blood.

• Parasites enter RBCs and further multiply (asexual reproduction) here and finally burst RBCs also.

• Bursting of RBCs is accompanied by release of a toxic substance called haemozoin (associated with fever and chills).

• In the RBCs, only sporozoites change into gametocytes (sexual stage). Gametocytes multiply.

• When the diseased person is bitten by a female Anopheles mosquito, gametocytes are introduced into the mosquito.

• Gametocytes fertilise and develop inside the intestine of mosquito to form sporozoites.

• Sporozoites are stored in the salivary glands of mosquito and are released into the healthy person who is bitten by this mosquito.

Concept: Common Diseases in Humans
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×