Describe any four steps taken by Indira Gandhi to remove poverty. - Political Science

Answer in Brief

Describe any four steps taken by Indira Gandhi to remove poverty.



Steps taken by Indira Gandhi to remove poverty:

  1. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi began a series of attempts to shift government policy toward the left. In May 1967, she persuaded the Congress Working Committee to endorse a Ten Point Programme.
  2. This policy comprised social control of banks, nationalization of General Insurance, city property and income limits, public distribution of food grains, land reforms, and the supply of rural poor housing.
  3. She emphasized the expansion of the public sector, the enforcement of limits on rural landholdings and urban property, the elimination of income and opportunity inequities, and the repeal of royal privileges.
  4. Indira Gandhi's 'Garibi Hatao' slogan attempted to inspire support among the poor, particularly among landless labourers, Dalits and Adivasis, minorities, women, and unemployed youth.
  5. Indira Gandhi's political strategy of developing an independent nationwide political support base included the Garibi Hatao slogan and the following programs.
Concept: Congress Victory in 1971 Elections
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2022-2023 (March) Outside Delhi Set 3


Who were Dalit Panthers? Describe their main activities.

  Column 'A'   Column 'B'
a Acharya Narendra Dev 1 Bharatiya Jana Sangh
b A. K. Gopalan 2 Indian National Congress
c Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 3 Praja Socialist Party
d Deen Dayal Upadhyaya 4 Communist Party of India (M)

What were the factors which led to the popularity of Indira Gandhi’s Government in the early 1970s?

Read the passage and answer the questions below :-

“… Indira Gandhi changed the Congress into highly centralised and undemocratic party organisation, from the earlier federal, democratic and ideological formation that Nehru had led. … But this … could not have happened had not Indira Gandhi changed the entire nature of politics. This new, populist politics turned political ideology … into a mere electoral discourse, use of various slogans not meant to be translated into government policies…. During its great electoral victories in early 1970s, amidst the celebration, the Congress party as a political organisation died........... —Sudipta Kaviraj

(a) What according to the author is the difference between the strategies of Nehru and Indira Gandhi?

(b) Why does the author say that the Congress party ‘died’ in the seventies?

(c) In what way, did the change in the Congress party affect other political parties also?

The fifth general election to Lok Sabha was held in ______ 

In the 1971 General Election, the opposition parties formed an alliance against congress. Identify the alliance.


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