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Social Science: Democracy and Diversity - Divisions Inherent to the Working of Democracy

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“Democracy stands much superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens”. Justify.

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Solution

Ways in which democracy have succeeded in maintaining the dignity and freedom of the individual:

i. Economic disparity in society has been minimised to a great extent in recent times.

ii. Long drawn struggles were launched by women groups to gain voting rights in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Eventually, democracies of the world did acquiesce to these demands and women got the right to vote and the right to equal treatment by the State.

iii. The Indian democracy has taken to positive action by extending various benefits to the historically disadvantaged sections of society, i.e. the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Various benefits are provided by the State to these sections for them to attain equal status and opportunities.

iv. In a democracy, all adult citizens have a right to vote and elect their political representatives.

v. Democracy evolves a mechanism which takes into account the differences of various ethnic groups within its population. In a democracy, the majority has an added responsibility of assimilating the minority community in the decision-making process so that the minority does not feel alienated.

Concept: Divisions Inherent to the Working of Democracy
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