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Define Refraction and State the Laws of Refraction. - Science and Technology 1

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Define refraction and state the laws of refraction.

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Solution

The phenomenon of change in the direction of propagation of light when it passes obliquely from one transparent medium to another is called refraction of light.

Laws of refraction:-

  1. The incident ray and the refracted ray are on the opposite sides of the normal at the point of incidence, and all three lie in the same plane.
  2. For a given pair of media, the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is constant.

`sin i/sin r=mu`

This constant is called the refractive index of the second medium with respect to the first medium.

Concept: Refraction of Light Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
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