Define refraction and state the laws of refraction.
The phenomenon of change in the direction of propagation of light when it passes obliquely from one transparent medium to another is called refraction of light.
Laws of refraction:-
- The incident ray and the refracted ray are on the opposite sides of the normal at the point of incidence, and all three lie in the same plane.
- For a given pair of media, the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is constant.
`sin i/sin r=mu`
This constant is called the refractive index of the second medium with respect to the first medium.