Define Performance Appraisal. Briefly Explain the Pros and Cons of Staff Appraisal of Subordinates by Their Superiors. - Business Studies

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Answer in Brief

Define performance appraisal. Briefly explain the pros and cons of staff appraisal of subordinates by their superiors. 

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Performance Appraisal is the systematic evaluation of the performance of employees and to understand the abilities of a person for further growth and development.

They provide a document of employee performance over a specific period of time.

  • They provide a structure where a manager can meet and discuss performance with an employee.
  • They allow a manager the opportunity to provide the employee with feedback about their performance and discuss how well the employee goals were accomplished.
  • They provide a structured process for an employee to clarify expectations and discuss issues with their manager.
  • They provide a structure for thinking through and planning the upcoming year and developing employee goals.
  • They can motivate employees if supported by a good merit increase and compensation system.


  • If not done right, they can create a negative experience.
  • Performance appraisals are very time consuming and can be overwhelming to managers with many employees.
  • They are based on human assessment and are subject to rater errors and biases.
  • It can be a waste of time if not done appropriately.
  • They can create a very stressful environment for everyone involved.
Concept: Performance Appraisal
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