Define motivation. Briefly explain any four characteristics of motivation.
Motivation is an inspirational process which impels the members of the team to pull their weight effectively, to give their loyalty to the group, to carry out properly the tasks that they have accepted and generally to play an effective part in the job that the group has undertaken.
Various characteristics of Motivation are:
Motivation is a psychological phenomena which is generated within an individual. It is a personal and internal feeling which arises from the needs and wants of a person.
Motivation is a complex process as there is no universal theory to motivation. Different individuals seek different things or work for different reasons. Moreover, human needs change from time to time.
Motivation is an ongoing process. Human needs are unlimited whereas the means to satisfy them are limited. Fulfillment of one set of needs gives rise to another set of needs.
Financial and non-financial benefits:
Financial motivation may be in the form of bonus, rewards, allowances etc. and non-financial benefits relates to affection, participation in decision-making, recognition etc.