Solution - Defects of Vision and Their Correction



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What is myopia? Explain two possible reasons of myopia. How can it be corrected? Explain with a suitable diagram.


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In a Std. X class out of 40 students 10 students use spectacles, 2 students have positive power and 8 students have negative power of lenses in their spectacles.

Answer the following questions:

(1) What does the negative power indicate?

(2) What does the positive power indicate?

(3) Generally which type of spectacles do most of the students use?

(4) What defect of eyesight do most of the students suffer from?

(5) Give two possible reasons for the above defect.

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What is the far point and near point of the human eye with normal vision?

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Why is a normal eye not able to see clearly the objects placed closer than 25 cm?

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Make a diagram to show how hypermetropia is corrected. The near point of a hypermetropic eye is 1 m. What is the power of the lens required to correct this defect? Assume that the near point of the normal eye is 25 cm.

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Millions of people in the developing countries of the world are suffering from corneal blindness. These persons can be cured by replacing the defective cornea with the cornea of a donated eye. A charitable society of your city has organised a campaign in your neighbourhood in order to create awareness about this fact. If you are asked to participate in this mission, how would you contribute in this noble cause?

(i) State the objective of organising such campaigns.

(ii) List two arguments which you would give to motivate the people to donate their eyes after death.

(iii) List two values which are developed in the persons who actively participate and contribute in such programmes.

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Solution for concept: Defects of Vision and Their Correction. For the course 9th - 10th SSC (English Medium)