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Deduce an Expression for Equivalent Capacitance C When Three Capacitors C1, C2 and C3 Connected in Parallel. - Physics (Theory)

Deduce an expression for equivalent capacitance C when three capacitors C1, C2 and C3 connected in parallel.

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An expression for effective capacitance in the parallel grouping of capacitors :

Consider three capacitors of capacitance C1 , C2 and C3 are connected in parallel.

Let Q1, Q2 and Q3 be the charges deposited on the capacitors as shown in the figure.

Suppose a potential difference ‘V ’ is applied across the combination. Then, the potential difference between the plates of each capacitor is V but charges on each capacitor are different. Since different current flows through different branches, so the charges are given by

`Q_1 = C_1V.Q_2 = C_2V. Q_3 = C_3V`    ....(i)   

From the principle of conservation of charge

`Q = Q_1 + Q_2 + Q_3`

`Q = C_1V + C_2V + C_3V`      [From equation (i)]

`∴ Q = V(C_1 + C_2 + C_3)`

If these capacitors are replaced by a single capacitor of capacity CP such that `Q = C_PV`  then using equation (ii) we have,

`C_PV = V(C_1+C_2+C_3)`

`C_P = C_1+C_2+C_3`

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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