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Construct an Angle of 90° at the Initial Point of a Given Ray and Justify the Construction. - Mathematics

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Construct an angle of 90° at the initial point of a given ray and justify the construction.

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Solution

The below given steps will be followed to construct an angle of 90°.

(i) Take the given ray PQ. Draw an arc of some radius taking point P as its centre, which intersects PQ at R.

(ii) Taking R as centre and with the same radius as before, draw an arc intersecting the previously drawn arc at S.

(iii) Taking S as centre and with the same radius as before, draw an arc intersecting the arc at T (see figure).

(iv) Taking S and T as centre, draw an arc of same radius to intersect each other at U.

(v) Join PU, which is the required ray making 90° with the given ray PQ.

Justification of Construction:

We can justify the construction, if we can prove ∠UPQ = 90°.

For this, join PS and PT.

We have, ∠SPQ = ∠TPS = 60°. In (iii) and (iv) steps of this construction, PU was drawn as the bisector of ∠TPS.

∴ ∠UPS = 1/2 ∠TPS = 1/2*60° = 30°

Also, ∠UPQ = ∠SPQ + ∠UPS

                 = 60° + 30°

                 = 90°

Concept: Basic Constructions
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 9 Maths
Chapter 11 Constructions
Exercise 11.1 | Q 1 | Page 191

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