Consists of Legal Proposition(S)/ Principle(S) (Hereinafter Referred to as 'Principle') and Facts. Such Principles May Or May Not Be True in the Real and Legal Sense - Legal Reasoning

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MCQ

Consists of legal proposition(s)/  principle(s) (hereinafter referred to as 'principle') and facts. Such principles may or may not be true in the real and legal sense, yet you have to conclusively assume them to be true for the purposes of this Section. In other words, in answering these questions, you must not rely on any principle except the principles that are given herein below for every question.  
Further, you must not assume any facts other than those stated in the question. The objective of this section is to test your interest in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability, even if the 'most reasonable conclusion' arrived at may be absurd or unacceptable for any other reason. It is not the objective of this section to test your knowledge of the law.  
Therefore, to answer a question, the principle is to be applied to the given facts and to choose the most appropriate option. 

Principle: Contract is a written or spoken agreement, with specific terms between two or more persons or entities in which there is a promise to do something in return for a valuable benefit known as consideration. Such an agreement is intended to be enforceable by law. A unilateral contract is one in which there is a promise to pay or give other consideration in return for actual performance.

Facts: A Toilet Soap Manufacturing Company in India in order to promote the sale of their product, published an advertisement in all the Newspapers on January 1, 2017, that the Company has kept a model ignition key of an Audi A3 Car. The advertisement also stated that whoever gets the said key before December 31, 2017, from a soap bar will be gifted with the Audi A3 Car. Mr. Martin, a foreigner who came to India as a tourist who was staying in a Hotel found a Key similar to the same Car Ignition Key. Mr. Martin brought this matter to the notice of the Hotel Manager. The Manager informed Mr. Martin about the Company’s advertisement on January 1, 2017. Mr. Martin wants to claim the Car. Will he succeed?

Options

  • The Hotel Manager who could legally claim the Car as he was the one actually purchased the soap for the use in the Hotel.

  • No. The Soap Company has not entered into a contract with Mr. Martin as he was not in India on January 1,  2017, when the advertisement was published.

  • No. The Actual intention of the Company was to promote the sale of the Soap.

  • Mr. Martin obtained the Key before the stipulated date from the Soap Bar. So he is covered by the offer of the  Soap Company and can claim the car.  

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Solution

Mr. Martin obtained the Key before the stipulated date from the Soap Bar. So he is covered by the offer of the  Soap Company and can claim the car.  

Explanation:

Mr. Martin obtained the Key before the stipulated date from the Soap Bar. So he is covered by the offer of the Soap Company and can claim the car. According to the advertisement (Contract) of the Soap Company, there was a promise for the gift of Audi A3 car in return of the model ignition key. Mr. Martin found the same model ignition key before the stipulated date. He can claim the car.

Concept: Indian Contract Act (Entrance Exams)
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