Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Consider the following statements. i. If D is dog, then D is very good. ii. If D is very good, then D is dog. - Mathematics and Statistics

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Sum

Consider the following statements.
i. If D is dog, then D is very good.
ii. If D is very good, then D is dog.
iii. If D is not very good, then D is not a dog.
iv. If D is not a dog, then D is not very good. Identify the pairs of statements having the same meaning. Justify.

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Solution

Let p : D is dog.
q : D is very good.
Then the given statement in the symbolic form is i. p → q
ii. q → p
iii. ~q → ~p
iv. ~p → ~q

Since a statement and its contrapositive are equivalent, statements (i) and (iii) have the same meaning.
Since converse and inverse of a compound statement are equivalent, statements (ii) and (iv) have same meaning.

Concept: Logical Connective, Simple and Compound Statements
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Mathematics and Statistics 1 (Commerce) 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic
Miscellaneous Exercise 1 | Q 4.19 | Page 33
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