The diagram below shows a pulley arrangement.
(a) In the diagram, mark the direction of tension on each strand of string.
(b) What is the purpose of the pulley B?
(c) If the tension is T, Deduce the relation between T and E.
(d) What is the velocity ratio of the arrangement?
(e) Assuming that the efficiency of the system is 100%, What is the mechanical advantage?
(b) The fixed pulley B is used to change the direction of effort to be applied from upward to downward.
(c) The effort E balances the tension T at the free end, so E=T
(d) The velocity ratio of this arrangement is 2.
(e) The mechanical advantage is 2 for this system (if efficiency is 100%).