CBSE Class 10CBSE
Account
It's free!

User



Login
Register


      Forgot password?
Share
Notifications

View all notifications
Books Shortlist
Your shortlist is empty

Solution - Describe the Structure and Functioning of Nephrons - CBSE Class 10 - Science

ConceptConcept of Excretion

Question

Describe the structure and functioning of nephrons

Solution

Nephrons are the basic filtering units of kidneys. Each kidney possesses large number of nephrons, approximately 1-1.5 million. The main components of the nephron are glomerulus, Bowman’s capsule, and a long renal tubule. 

Functioning of a nephron:
→ The blood enters the kidney through the renal artery, which branches into many capillaries associated with glomerulus.
→ The water and solute are transferred to the nephron at Bowman’s capsule.
→ In the proximal tubule, some substances such as amino acids, glucose, and salts are selectively reabsorbed and unwanted molecules are added in the urine.
→ The filtrate then moves down into the loop of Henle, where more water is absorbed.
→ From here, the filtrate moves upwards into the distal tubule and finally to the collecting duct. Collecting duct collects urine from many nephrons.
→ The urine formed in each kidney enters a long tube called ureter. From ureter, it gets transported to the urinary bladder and then into the urethra.

Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

NCERT Science Textbook for Class 10
Chapter 6: Life Processes
Q: 1 | Page no. 112

Reference Material

Solution for question: Describe the Structure and Functioning of Nephrons concept: Concept of Excretion. For the course CBSE
S