When baking soda is mixed with lemon juice, bubbles are formed with the evolution of a gas. What type of change is it? Explain.
When baking soda (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) is mixed with lemon juice (citric acid), bubbles are formed. The bubbles are formed due to the evolution of carbon dioxide gas. This is a chemical change.
In this change, citric acid contained in lemon juice reacts with sodium hydrogen carbonate which results in the evolution of carbon dioxide gas.
Lemon juice( Citric acid) + Baking soda (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) → Carbon dioxide + Other substances
The reaction between baking soda and lemon juice can be given as below:
Lemon juice + Baking soda ————-> C02 (bubbles) + Other substances
(Citric acid) (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) (Carbon dioxide)