Compound ‘A’ with molecular formula C6H5Cl is fused with NaOH at high temperature under pressure to give compound ‘B’. Compound ‘B’ on treatment with dil.HCl gives compound C having characteristic carbolic odour. Write the chemical equations in support of this. Name the process and give uses of compound C.
- The chemical equation can be represented as:
- The process involved in the Dow process.
- Uses of phenols:
a. Phenol is used in the preparation of phenol-formaldehyde resin. For example, bakelite.
b. Phenols are used as antiseptic in common products like air fresheners, deodorants, mouthwash, calamine lotions, floor cleaners, etc.