Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 9th Standard
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Complete the Table: - Geography and Economics

Chart
Fill in the Blanks

Complete the table:

Process of urbanization Effects
Emergence of slums Illegal settlements
Insufficient facilities
  Increase in population because of the attraction of
good lifestyle
Can be short-term or long-term
Pollution  
  Employment opportunities were generated
Increase in amenities and facilities
Change from rural to urban  
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Solution

 

Process of urbanization Effects Explanation
Emergence of slums Illegal settlements
Insufficient facilities
Low income compels economically weaker sections to build temporary houses in open spaces that do not come under the record of local government cannot provide basic facilities.
Migration  Increase in population because of the attraction of
good lifestyle
Can be short-term or long-term
Migration occurs due to various push and pulls factors. The attraction of a good life-style, availability of basic necessities, education, healthcare, economic opportunities attract/pull people from the village to the city.
Pollution

Air pollution linked to premature death(as per WHO) 

 

Water pollution causes diseases like cholera, typhoid

Pollution affects the natural environment and thus reducing the quality of life. For example, Delhi pollution has become so severe that 35% of people of Delhi want to relocate elsewhere, according to a recent survey.
Mechanization and technology Employment opportunities were generated
Increase in amenities and facilities
Mechanization and technology increase productivity which increases the demand for new skill sets, thus creating employment opportunities.
Change from rural to urban Industrialization and Urbanization Industrialization led to the conversion of rural areas into urban areas with the introduction of factories and subsequent change in the nature of employment 
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Social Science Geography 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 10 Urbanisation
Exercise | Q 5 | Page 81
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