Complete the Table by Explaining the Following Phrases/ Sentences in Your Own Words: - English Communicative

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Answer in Brief

Complete the table by explaining the following phrases/ sentences in your own
words:

Phrases  Meanings
happy memories light up a life that is nearing its
close
 
the sounds helped him along his lonely way  
the cold used sleep to extend its sway over all
things even as a false friend lulls his chosen
victim with caressing smiles
 
when the evening of his life was drawing in, he
left his old ways and suddenly took a new
turn
 
the whole universe is built up through love and
that the grief of separation is inescapable
 
the post-master, a man with a face as sad and
as inexpressive as a pumpkin, would be seen
sitting on his chair inside
 
And so the clerk, like a worshipper of Lord Vishnu,
repeated his customary thousand names
 
The haughty temper of the official had quite left
him in his sorrow and anxiety, and had laid bare
his human heart
 
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Solution

  1. When the life of a human being is drawing near its end, happy and pleasant memories of one’s earlier life help one in removing the dark shadow of approaching death.
  2. In the early hours of dawn when Ali was going to the Post Office, there was no living creature present around him. But he heard the singing of the women who were up early and the grinding noise of hand-mills, barking of dogs, the sound of foot-steps of a work-man. All these sound gave him solace and comforted him that he was not all alone.All these sound gave him solace and comforted him that he was not all alone.
  3. Just as an unfaithful friend hides his evil designs under a cover of affectionate smiles when he tries to play a dirty and fraudulent game with his friend, in the same way cold weather makes people sleep longer in their comfortable beds forgetting the biting cold and wind.
  4. Evening indicates the closing of the day. Many of the activities, din and noise of day-time comes to an end at evening. Ali was growing old. His end was approaching. Therefore, he gave up his sportive passions like hunting and brought a sedateness and steadiness in his life which suited his old age. Now going to the Post Office and waiting for his daughter’s letter became his daily practice. This change came to him at the evening of his life.
  5. Ali realized in his later years that it is perseverance, love and compassion that matter not destroying and teasing others. The existence of the entire universe is based on love. It is the element of love which has created the world. Just as the joys of love are essential for the creation of the world, in the same way, pain and grief, caused by separation of dear ones are unavoidable. These are two eternal truths of human life.
  6. The writer compares the face of the postmaster with a pumpkin. Just as a pumpkin is hardly attractive and appealing to the eyes, in the same way the face of the postmaster did not reveal any kind of joyful feeling. Only sadness was visible on his face which made the expression of his face quite hard and stony, capable of expressing no emotion.
  7. At the time of distribution of letters, the clerk calls out the names of the people whose letters he comes across. This daily practice of the clerk is compared with the mode of worship adopted by a worshipper of Vishnu. The writer means to say that worshipper of Vishnu calls out various names of Vishnu while he offers prayers to his sacred deity.
  8. The postmaster, who was the incharge of the Post Office, was very haughty and rude in the beginnning. Later on, when his daughter fell ill and he received no information from his sick daughter, his heart was afflicted with deep grief and agony. Now his fatherly instinct compelled him to express his painful feeling and he realized miserable condition of old Ali.
Concept: Idioms and Phrases
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Chapter 3: The Letter - Exercises [Page 31]

APPEARS IN

CBSE Class 10 English Communicative (Literature Reader)
Chapter 3 The Letter
Exercises | Q 7 | Page 31

RELATED QUESTIONS

Rearrange the following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences :

(a) coloured bus / children / we saw / full of / a yellow / excited /
(b) they were / we guessed / on the / planetarium / way / to the /
(c) part / this / study tour / of their / was /


detective I below / go / written / through the / story
Go through the detective story written below.

(a) can be / two / blamed I persons / the murder / for

(b) to the/ there are / culprit / may clues / real / pointing ,

(c) - the / find / murderer / who / real I out / is cy


Rearrange the following words / phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) more than / are child workers / the Indian population / five per cent of /

(b) engaged / in agriculture / tens of thousands / are chiefly /

(c) work / in urban areas / many / of industries / in a variety /


Rearrange the following words / phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) your destiny / it / right hand / is said / your / that / is in /

(b) problems / determines / how / our personalities / with / in life / we deal /

(c) than others / can cope / some people / better / hardships / with /


Rearrange the following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) one of / that of reading / known to / is / greatest / the / pleasures / man /

(b) a rich variety / adventure and wisdom / the / world of books / has / of /

(c) own / you / book / convenience / can enjoy / a / at your /


Match the phrases given under Column A with their meanings given under Column B:

  A B
1 Fly a flag Move quickly/suddenly
2 Fly into rage Be successful
3 Fly along Display a flag on a long pole
4 Fly high Escape from a place
5 Fly the coop Become suddenly very angry

Idioms

Here are a few sentences from the text which have idiomatic expressions. Can you say what each means? (You might want to consult a dictionary first.)

  1. Our entire class is quaking in its boots. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mr Keeping was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much.___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mr Keeping was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I’d make sure the joke was on him.____________________________.


Here are a few more idiomatic expressions that occur in the text. Try to use them in sentences of your own.

  1. caught my eye         
  2.  laugh ourselves silly       
  3. he’d had enough
  4. can’t bring myself to  

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’. Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

1. break somebody’s heart

2. close/dear to heart

3. from the (bottom of your) heart

4. have a heart

5. have a heart of stone

6. your heart goes out to somebody


Colours are used to describe feelings, moods and emotions. Match the following ‘colour expressions’ with a suggested paraphrase.

(i) the Monday morning blues feel embarrassed / angry / ashamed
(ii) go red in the face feel very sick, as if about to vomit
(iii) look green sadness or depression after a weekend of fun
(iv) the red carpet the sign or permission to begin an action
(v) blue-blooded a sign of surrender or acceptance of defeat; a wish to stop fighting
(vi) a green belt in an unlawful act; while doing something wrong
(vii) a blackguard a photographic print of building plans; a detailed plan or scheme
(viii) a grey area land around a town or city where construction is prohibited by law
(ix) a white flag an area of a subject or a situation where matters are not very clear
(x) a blueprint a dishonest person with no sense of right or wrong
(xi) red-handed a special welcome
(xii the green light of noble birth or from a royal family

Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)

 


Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?

(i) tales of _______________

(ii) coastal _______________

(iii) a piece of ______________

(iv) evergreen ______________

(v) _____________ plantations

(vi) _____________bridge

(vii) wild __________________

You may add your own examples to this list.


1. This play has been translated into English from the Russian original. Are there any expressions or ways of speaking that strike you as more Russian than English? For example, would an adult man be addressed by an older man as my darling or my treasure in an English play?

Read through the play carefully, and find expressions that you think are not used in contemporary English, and contrast these with idiomatic modern English expressions that also occur in the play.

3. Look up the following phrases in a dictionary to find out their meaning, and then use each in a sentence of your own.

(i) You may take it that

(ii) He seems to be coming round

(iii) My foot’s gone to sleep


Match, the italicised phrases in Column A with the phrase nearest meaning in Column B.
(Hint: First look for the sentence in the text which the phrase in column A occurs.)

A B
1. I was not unmindful of the fact.

(i)  had not forgotten : was aware of the fact

(ii)  was not careful about the fact

(iii)  forgot or was not aware of the fact

2. When my comrades and I were pushed to our limits

(i)  pushed by the guards to the wall

(ii)   took more than our share of beatings

(iii) felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer

3. To reassure me and keep me going

(i)    make me go on walking

(ii)  help me continue to live in hope in this       very difficult situation

(iii) make me remain without complaining

4. The basic and honourable freedoms of… earning my keep…

(i)    earning enough money to live on

(ii)    keeping what I earned

(iii)     getting a good salary


Look at the italic words in the following examples.
a. We bought their biggest basket, then set off toward town.
b. One night we came upon them in the windy and deserted square.
c. He bit his lip, then in a rather put out tone he said, 'Very well.'
d. I shook my head and turned away.

Here are a few more. Match the phrases to their meanings.

Phrases Meanings
set up to start on a journey
break down to tolerate a situation or a person
set off to lose control of your feelings and start crying
put up with to enter
put off to be faced with or opposed by
put on to start/ establish a company
come in to refuse/ reject
come across to postpone
come up against to try to get help/advice/ sympathy from someone
turn down to wear
turn in to meet or find by chance
turn to to inform on or deliver up

Now use the phrases given above to complete the following sentences.

1. The landlord was suspicious of the two men staying in his flat so he called the police and ……………. them …………….
2. Early in the morning we packed our bags and …………… for a hike over the mountain.
3. Janvi ……………………. some photographs of her grandfather in the old trunk.
4. My father ……………….. his own business 10 years ago.
5. The Bank …………………………….. Paul's request for a loan.
6. The Corporation's decision to reduce the leave of the employees …………………… a lot of opposition.


The writer carefully builds up an atmosphere of loneliness and grief in the story. Working in groups, pick out words/ phrases from the story that build up the atmosphere. Copy the following table in your notebook and complete it.

Loneliness Grief
• An old man was walking through the town, now and again drawing  his tattered clothes tighter to shield his body from the cold and biting wind
• his lonely way 
• the whole town was wrapped in deathly silence 

Find words or phrases from the passage that mean the same as the following.

(a) to renovate, redo, or revise (paragraph 1)
(b) trying to win the favor, preference, or goodwill of (paragraph 1)
(c) come in small numbers (paragraph 4)
(d) well-off; rich (paragraph 5)
(e) friendly (paragraph 6)
(f) wanting or enjoying expensive pleasures (paragraph 6)

 

Match the phrases in Column A with their  meanings in Column B

Column A Column B
(a) break out (i) to try to find somebody or something
(b) to look for (ii) as a rule or in general taking all relevant factors into account
(c) to take over (iii) start suddenly and strongly
(d) to go into (iv) to obtain or assume control of something, or gain control of something from somebody else
(e) on the whole (v) to begin a job or career in a particular area of activity

 


is / the / it / hobbies / one / best / of


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

The works of Shakespeare are the __________ of English drama.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his _______ is his performance in the movie ‘Black’.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real _______.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and _______ my favourite kind of ice cream.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a _______ for human beings.


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

give and take


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

a black eye


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

Lower than the angels


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

knock someone down


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

knock someone down


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'One man army'


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'Once bitten twice shy'


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'One up on'


Choose appropriate phrases/expressions from the extract given in the options and fill in the blank appropriately. 

Raj ran at a _______ to catch the train.


Discuss with your partner about the different idioms/proverbs related to word ‘tomorrow’. One is done for you

  1. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.
  2. ________________________
  3. ________________________
  4. ________________________

Find out expressions/phrases which denote, ‘going away’, from each stanza. One is given below. “Vanish in the throng”.


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

be in the money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

win lots of money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

for my money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

money for old rope


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

put one’s money where one’s mouth is


Insert the appropriate word/phrase given below, in the sentence that follow.

After the death of my pet dog, my ______ when dad got me a new pup.


Insert the appropriate word/phrase given below, in the sentence that follow.

The artist completes his paintings _________.


Insert the appropriate word/phrase given below, in the sentence that follow.

When the baby saw its mother it gave an ______ smile.


Rewrite the following sentence inserting the appropriate phrases in their proper form.

(to get out of, to come up, to turn on, to give in, to get into, to come down, to work out, to turn off, to give off, to give out, to work in)

Smita ___________ to her desire and _______________ her favourite toys to the poor.


Replace the underline word/phrase with the appropriate one, to retain the proper meaning.

Accepting the great value of his research; they awarded him with a Ph.D. (degree)


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

look forward


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

let (someone) down


Fill the gap in choosing the appropriate idioms.

Those who aspire for success should always ___________ learn more.


Fill the gap in choosing the appropriate idioms.

If you ______________ you will realise that crime ultimately leads to poverty.


Fill in the blank a word or a phrase given in the brackets in their appropriate form.

I had seen asparagus in the shops, my mouth often____________ at the sight of them.


Discuss with your partner and find proverbs, idioms, or phrases of similar meaning to the one given and fill them in the stars given below:


Name the five sensory organs and provide phrases/idioms/proverbs related to them. (One is given for you.)

  1. to turn a deaf ear ____________
  2. ____________________________
  3. ____________________________
  4. ____________________________
  5. ____________________________

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. He promised me to look into the matter.
  2. He wanted to look for his lost book.

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. An epidemic of Cholera broke out in the village.
  2. The thieves broke into the apartment

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. She has to carry out her duty regularly.
  2. You must carry on trying for success

Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase

‘in front of’


Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase “to belong to”.


Look up the meanings of the following phrases under ‘dream’ and ‘sell’ in the dictionary

dream sell
dream on sell-by date
dream something away selling-point
(not) dream of doing something sell-out
dream something up selling price
look like a dream seller’s market

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. A fisherman, enfeebled with age, could no longer go out to sea so he began fishing in the river. Every morning he would go down to the river and sit there fishing the whole day long. In the evening he would sell whatever he had caught, buy food for himself and go home. It was a hard life for an old man. One hot afternoon while he was trying to keep awake and bemoaning his fate, a large bird with silvery feathers alighted on a rock near him. It was Kaha, the heavenly bird. “Have you no one to care for you, grandpa?” asked the bird. “Not a soul.” “You should not be doing such work at your age,” said the bird. “From now on I will bring you a big fish every evening. You can sell it and live in comfort.” True to her word, the bird began to drop a large fish at his doorstep every evening. All that the fisherman had to do was take it to the market and sell it. As big fish were in great demand, he was soon rolling in money. He bought a cottage near the sea, with a garden around it and engaged a servant to cook for him. His wife had died some years earlier. He had decided to marry again and began to look for a suitable woman.
2. One day he heard the royal courtier make an announcement. Our king has news of a great bird called Kaha,” said the courtier. “Whoever can give information about this bird and help catch it, will be rewarded with half the gold in the royal treasury and half the kingdom!” The fisherman was sorely tempted by the reward. Half the kingdom would make him a prince!
3. “Why does the king want the bird,” he asked. “He has lost his sight,” explained the courtier. “A wise man has advised him to bathe his eyes with the blood of Kaha. Do you know where she can be found?” “No…I mean …no, no…” Torn between greed and his sense of gratitude to the bird, the fisherman could not give a coherent reply. The courtier, sensing that he knew something about the bird, informed the king. The king had him brought to the palace.
4. “If you have information about the bird, tell me”, urged the king. “I will reward you handsomely and if you help catch her, I will personally crown you king of half my domain.” “I will get the bird for you,” cried the fisherman, suddenly making up his mind. “But Kaha is strong. I will need help. The king sent a dozen soldiers with him. That evening when the bird came with the fish, the fisherman called out to her to wait. “You drop the fish and go and I never get a chance to thank you for all that you‘ve done for me," he said. “Today I have laid out a feast for you inside. Please alight and come in. Kaha was reluctant to accept the invitation but the fisherman pleaded so earnestly that she finally gave in, and alighted. The moment she was on the ground, the fisherman grabbed one of her legs and shouted to the soldiers hiding in his house to come out. They rushed to his aid but their combined effort could not keep Kaha down.
5. She rose into the air with the fisherman still clinging to her leg. By the time he realised he was being carried away, the fisherman was too high in the air to let go. He hung on grimly, and neither he nor Kaha was ever seen again.

Pick out the words/phrases from the passage which are opposite in meaning to the following:

  1. Take off (Para 1)
  2. Readily (Para 4)

Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase 'to run away'.


Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase ‘to look after’.


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