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Compare the Positions of the President of India and the President of the United States. - Political Science

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Answer in Brief

Compare the positions of the President of India and the President of the United States.

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Solution

Though the Presidents of the US and India share the title of the head of the country, the similarity ends there. The US President is elected directly by the citizens of the country and the Indian President is elected indirectly.

The US President is the head of the state as well as the executive of the state while the Indian President is only the head of the state or a titular head. Where the US President holds the office for 4 years and can go for re-election only once, the Indian President holds office for 5 years and can be re-elected any number of times.

The US President is not part of the legislature but the Indian President and both houses together make up the Parliament in India. Both the Presidents, Indian and American, can be removed from office only through impeachment. However, in India, any of the two houses can initiate the proceedings of the impeachment against the president and impeach the President once the other house concurs. In the US, only the Senate (Upper House) has the power to impeach the President.

Indian President has a lot of powers in times of emergency. He can order for proclamation of both internal and external emergencies. Indian President can proclaim emergency in one state, dissolve the state legislative houses and dismiss the council of ministers of state. During a financial emergency, he can reduce all the government officials’ salaries including the judges of the Supreme Court and High Court.

Indian President has lesser power of veto comparatively than the US President. The US President may veto a bill that was passed by Congress. The Indian President has the authority to send the bill to the houses for reconsideration only once. The President has to sign the bill if it is passed again, even with a marginal majority.

Nevertheless, as heads of their respective states, the US President and the President of India, both enjoy a sovereign states in their respective states.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
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