Answer in Brief
Commonwealth Organization -
- As part of a significant shake-up of the Commonwealth's organisation, Heads of Government established the Secretariat in 1965, taking over many of the functions of the United Kingdom Government's Commonwealth Relations Office.
- At the same time, the United Kingdom was successful in getting the Commonwealth Foundation, the Secretariat's sister organisation, established to promote non-governmental connections and the Commonwealth Family network of civil society.
- Other attempts by members to establish comparable central bodies failed, including a medical conference (offered by New Zealand), a development bank (Jamaica), and a satellite communications agency (Canada).
- The formation of the Secretariat was a difficult matter in and of itself. To avoid diluting their historic power within the Commonwealth, the United Kingdom and other long-established countries had sought to halt the flow of Commonwealth membership expansion.
- This may have involved a dual-tiered Commonwealth, requiring the continuation of the organisation of Commonwealth co-operation by meetings, rather than a central administration.
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