Comment on the role of placenta as an endocrine gland.
Placenta acts as an endocrine gland and produces the human chorionic gonadotropins, human placental lactogen, oestrogen, progesterone and relaxin (later stages of pregnancy). These hormones support foetal growth and help in the maintenance of pregnancy. Hormones like oestrogen, progestogen, cortisol and prolactin are increased several folds in the maternal blood.
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