Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 12th

Comment on the recent advancement in medical diagnosis and therapy. - Physics

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Long Answer

Comment on the recent advancement in medical diagnosis and therapy.

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The recent advancement in medical diagnosis and therapy:

  1. Virtual reality
  2. Precision medicine
  3. Health wearables
  4. Artificial organs
  5.  3D printing
  6. Wireless brain sensors
  7. Robotic surgery
  8. Smart inhalers

1. Virtual reality: Medical virtual reality is effectively used to stop the brain from processing pain and cure soreness in the hospitalized patients. Virtual reality has enhanced surgeries by the use of 3D models by surgeons to plan operations. It helps in the treatment of Autism, Memory loss, and Mental illness.

2. Precision medicine: Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. In this medical model, it is possible to customize healthcare, with medical decisions, treatments, practices, or products which are tailored to the individual patient.

3. Health wearables: A health wearable is a device used for tracking a wearer’s vital signs or health and fitness-related data, location, etc. Medical wearables with artificial intelligence and big data provide an added value to healthcare with a focus on diagnosis, treatment, patient monitoring and prevention.

Big Data: Extremely large data sets that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behavior and interactions.

4. Artificial organs: An artificial organ is an engineered device or tissue that is implanted or integrated into a human. It is possible to interface it with living tissue or to replace a natural organ. It duplicates or augments a specific function or functions of human organs so that the patient may return to normal life as soon as possible.

5. 3D printing: Advanced 3D printer systems and materials assist physicians in a range of operations in the medical field from audiology, dentistry, orthopedics and other applications.

6. Wireless brain sensors: Wireless brain sensors monitor intracranial pressure and temperature and then are absorbed by the body. Hence there is no need for surgery to remove these devices.

7. Robotic surgery: Robotic surgery is a type of surgical procedure that is done using robotic systems. Robotically assisted surgery helps to overcome the limitations of pre-existing minimally invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.

8. Smart inhalers: Inhalers are the main treatment option for asthma. Smart inhalers are designed with health systems and patients in mind so that they can offer maximum benefit. Smart inhalers use Bluetooth technology to detect inhaler use, remind patients when to take their medication and gather data to help guide care.

Concept: Physics in Medical Diagnosis and Therapy
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Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Class 12th Physics Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide
Chapter 11 Recent Developments in Physics
Evaluation | Q III. 5. | Page 283

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