Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
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Collect Information and Pictures About the Work of Famous Painters, Writers, Scientists During Rennaissance Period with the Help of Reference Books and Internet. Present a Project - History and Civics

Answer in Brief

Collect information and pictures about the work of famous painters, writers, scientists during rennaissance period with the help of reference books and internet. Present a project on it in the classroom.

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Solution

Renaissance refers to the astonishing revival of drawing, fine art painting, sculpture and architecture in whole Europe. It was centered in Italy and happened in two hundred years between 1400 and 1600.

The most important painters, sculptors, architects and designers of the Italian Renaissance during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries include:

Artists Period Artwork
Cimabue (c.1240-1302) Noted for his frescos at Assisi. 
Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337) Famous for Scrovegni Arena Chapel frescos .
Gentile da Fabriano (1370-1427) Influential Gothic style painter.
Jacopo Della Quercia (c.1374-1438) Influential sculptor from Siena.
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) Sculptor of "Gates of Paradise"
Donatello (1386-1466) Best early Renaissance sculptor
Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) Famous for work on perspective.
Tommaso Masaccio (1401-1428) Greatest early Florentine painter.
Piero Della Francesca (1420-92) Pioneer of linear perspective.
Andrea Mantegna (1430-1506) Noted for illusionistic foreshortening techniques.
Donato Bramante (1444-1514) Top High Renaissance architect.
Alessandro Botticelli (1445-1510) Famous for mythological painting.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Creator of Mona Lisa , Last Supper.
Raphael (1483-1520) Greatest High Renaissance painter.
Michelangelo (1475-1564) Genius painter & sculptor
Titian (1477-1576) Greatest Venetian colorist.
Andrea del Sarto (1486-1530) The leader of High Renaissance in Florence.
Correggio (1489-1534) Famous for illusionistic quadratura frescoes.
Andrea Palladio (1508-80) Dominated Venetian Renaissance architecture , later imitated in Palladianism.
Tintoretto (1518-1594) Religious Mannerist painter.
Paolo Veronese (1528-1588) Colorist follower of Titian.

IMPORTANT PAINTINGS

 

A) THE FLAGELLATION OF CHRIST BY PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA.
It is considered to be one of the Greatest Paintings Ever.

B) LAMENTATION OVER THE DEAD CHRIST BY ANDREA MANTEGNA.

C) CEILING OCULUS IN THE CAMERA DEGLI SPOSI BY ANDREA MANTEGNA.

RENAISSANCE WRITERS

A) WILLIAM SHAKESPEAR

he is well known for plays like Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Midsummer Night’s Dream, Twelfth Night, and Henry V.

B) MIGUEL DE CERVANTES

HE IS FAMOUS FOR THE most influential piece, Don Quixote de la Mancha.

C) NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI

The Prince written in 1513 is the main work

D) Francesco Petrarch

His famous poems are Canzoniere and the Triofi.

RENAISSANCE SCIENTISTS

1) PTOLEMY

Ptolemy was an astronomer and mathematician during ad 100-170 whose idea of the geocentric theory that the earth is the center of the universe overpowered other astronomical thought until the 17th century.

2) Nicolaus Copernicus
Copernicus was a Polish astronomer from 1473-1543 who was best known for his astronomical theory that the sun is at rest near the core of the universe and that the earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the sun. This theory is called the heliocentric or sun-centered system.

3) Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer who made important discoveries that led to three basic laws governing the motion of planets, and these made him one of the chief founders of modern astronomy.

4) Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician. Newton also formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that largely influenced scientists’ thought on the physical world.

These are the information of a few artists who contributed to the renaissance period.

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Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1.02 Europe and India
Project | Q 1 | Page 9
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