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Choose the Option that Best Captures the Essence of the Text - Legal Reasoning

Question

MCQ

Direction : The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Juvenile delinquency is defined as "the habitual committing of criminal acts or offenses by a young person, especially one below the age at which ordinary criminal prosecution is possible." These acts are committed mostly by teenagers, cumulative in today's civilization, which is a very concerning matter and cannot be snubbed. The more concerning matter is that generations of youth are believed to be the future of the world. Their behavior shows how tomorrow's future will be.

Juvenile delinquency has become a major problem, and only by addressing the basics can it be tackled. Attention towards co-curricular activities should be given to mold the child in the right and engaging way. The more he is forced to obey rules at school, diktats at home, mores of the society, the more he will escape to criminal acts in order to vent out his frustration. Forcing him will only make him hate it all. Hence, the approach should be to make exercises of discipline, etiquette, and moral sense interesting. This is where cocurricular activities come into play.

Juvenile offenders have the same set of constitutional guarantees as an adult, such as a fair trial. But very often, adult offenders are able to secure bail faster than a juvenile offender. Merely because the juvenile is not punished, it can in no way take away his/her constitutional guarantees of liberty. The only difference is that, unlike adult offenders, the state must protect, and ultimately rehabilitate, juvenile offenders. But protection cannot become custody. Also, the statute stresses on privacy as a right for the juvenile offender. But in the garb of privacy, there is very little effort for scrutiny and transparency in the process. The statute focuses on necessary infrastructure with significant involvement of informal systems, specifically the family, voluntary organizations, and the community, to provide a system separate from the criminal justice system. For this to become a reality, we must build effective linkages between districts and states, among various government agencies in association with child rights groups, along with effective legal services for the children and their families. Otherwise, juvenile justice will become a poor copy of the criminal justice system, only hardening the children caught in it.

Therefore, the Juvenile Justice law should address the issues relating to children alleged and found to be in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection by catering to their basic needs through proper care, protection, development, treatment, social re-integration, by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposal of matters in the best interest of children and for their rehabilitation through processes provided, and institutions and bodies established.

Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text

Options

  • Juvenile delinquency can be tackled only by co-curricular activities, so every school should provide cocurricular activities

  • Schools and home should force children to obey rules lest he get into crime

  • Co-curricular activities can teach discipline, etiquettes, and moral sense and these could help prevent child crime

  • The idea behind child delinquency should not be punishment; it should be engaging offenders in co-curricular activities to make them learn social responsibility

Solution

Co-curricular activities can teach discipline, etiquettes, and moral sense and these could help prevent child crime

Explanation:

Co-curricular activities can teach discipline, etiquettes, and moral sense and these could help prevent child crime is the correct answer. 
Juvenile delinquency can be tackled only by co-curricular activities, so every school should provide co-curricular activities that are incorrect because of the use of the word 'only'.
Schools and home should force children to obey rules The idea behind child delinquency should not be punishment; it should be engaging offenders in co-curricular activities to make them learn social responsibility speaks about social responsibility, which is not mentioned in the passage.

Concept: Indian Penal Code (Entrance Exams)
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