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‘China Has a Higher Literacy Rate than India. this is Due to the Greater Efficiency of the Communist System. - Logical Reasoning

MCQ

Read the given argument or statement carefully, making any factual assumptions necessary. Then choose the best answer out of the four choices to the question asked. Note that not all the facts given will be relevant for determining the answer.

‘China has a higher literacy rate than India. This is due to the greater efficiency of the Communist system. Efficiency is sorely lacking in India’s democratic system. Therefore, democracy is the biggest obstacle to India’s achieving 100% literacy.’
Which of the following, if true, would directly undermine the above argument?

Options

  • Inefficiency is equally a problem in democracies and Communist countries.

  • Communist systems do not respect human rights.

  • Freedom is more important than literacy.

  • China is slowly making the transition to democracy.

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Solution

Inefficiency is equally a problem in democracies and Communist countries.

Explanation:

The higher literacy rate in China is attributed to the greater efficiency of the Communist system and the lesser literacy in India is attributed to the lack of efficiency in the democratic system. So, 'Inefficiency is equally a problem in democracies and Communist countries.' disproves the efficiency aspect, in the respective systems, in improving the literacy rate. Hence, it undermines the argument.

Concept: Statement and Arguments (Entrance Exam)
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