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Would you be able to check if water is hard by using a detergent? - Science

Would you be able to check if water is hard by using a detergent?

Would you be able to check whether water is hard by using a detergent? Why?

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Solution 1

Detergent gives lather with hard and soft water both, while a soap gives lather with soft water only. Thus, it is not possible to check if water is hard; by using a detergent.

Solution 2

Detergents are ammonium or sulphonate salts of long chain carboxylic acids. Unlike soap,they do not react with calcium and magnesium ions present in hard water to form scum.They give a good amount of lather irrespective of whether the water is hard or soft. This means that detergents can be used in both soft and hard water. Therefore, it cannot be used to check whether the water is hard or not.

Concept: Soap
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Science Textbook
Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds
Q 1 | Page 76
Lakhmir Singh Class 10 Chemistry (Science)
Chapter 4 Carbon And Its Compounds
Q 14 | Page 262
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