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Suppose the Spheres a and B in Exercise 1.12 Have Identical Sizes. A Third Sphere of the Same Size but Uncharged is Brought in Contact with the First, Then Brought in Contact with the Second, and Finally Removed from Both. What is the New Force of Repulsion Between a and B? - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Physics

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Question

Suppose the spheres A and B in Exercise 1.12 have identical sizes. A third sphere of the same size but uncharged is brought in contact with the first, then brought in contact with the second, and finally removed from both. What is the new force of repulsion between A and B?

Solution

Distance between the spheres, A and B, r = 0.5 m

Initially, the charge on each sphere, q = 6.5 × 10−7 C

When sphere A is touched with an uncharged sphere C, `q/2` amount of charge from A will transfer to sphere C. Hence, charge on each of the spheres, A and C, is`q/2`.

When sphere C with charge `q/2` is brought in contact with sphere B with charge q, total charges on the system will divide into two equal halves given as,

`((q/2)+q)/2=(3q)/4`

Each sphere will share each half. Hence, charge on each of the spheres, C and B, is`(3q)/4`.

Force of repulsion between sphere A having charge `q/2` and sphere B having charge

`(3q)/4 =((q/2)xx(3q)/4)/(4piin_0r^2)=(3q^2)/(8xx4piin_9r^2)`

`=9xx10^9xx(3xx(6.5xx10^-7)^2)/(8xx(0.5)^2)`

`=5.703xx10^-3 N`

Therefore, the force of attraction between the two spheres is 5.703 × 10−3 N.

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 NCERT Solution for Physics Textbook for Class 12 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 1: Electric Charge and Fields
Q: 13 | Page no. 47
Solution Suppose the Spheres a and B in Exercise 1.12 Have Identical Sizes. A Third Sphere of the Same Size but Uncharged is Brought in Contact with the First, Then Brought in Contact with the Second, and Finally Removed from Both. What is the New Force of Repulsion Between a and B? Concept: Charging by Induction.
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