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Describe an Experiment to Demonstrate that a Substance Absorbs Heat During Melting Without Change in Its Temperature. - Physics

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ConceptChange of State in Matter Using the Kinetic Theory: - Melting

Question

Describe an experiment to demonstrate that a substance absorbs heat during melting without change in its temperature.

Solution

MELTING POINT OF SOLID (WAX): Put some wax in a test tube. Insert a thermometer in solid wax, so that bulb of thermometer remains in wax and does not touch the sides. Clamp the test tube along with thermometer in hot bath i.e. in water contained in the beaker and set up the apparatus as shown. Note the temperature Heat the beaker over the flame of burner and record the temperature after every minute. First temperature rises and then reaches 55 °C and wax shines in the test tube. Temperature remains constant for nearly 5 minutes i.e. at 55 °C. This means Wax is melting and the temperature remains constant till whole of wax is melted. Then temperature rises again every minute till it reaches
Conclusion : The temperature remains constant at 55°C while changing from solid to liquid. This means 55°C is the melting point and heat is absorbed without a change in temperature. This heat is absorbed at constant temperature till whole of wax is melted. 

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 Selina Solution for Selina Concise Physics - Middle School for Class 8 (2020 to Current)
Chapter 1: Matter
Short/Long Answer Questions | Q: 11 | Page no. 17
Solution Describe an Experiment to Demonstrate that a Substance Absorbs Heat During Melting Without Change in Its Temperature. Concept: Change of State in Matter Using the Kinetic Theory: - Melting.
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