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Explain the Mechanism of Esterification - Chemistry

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Question

Explain the mechanism of esterification

Solution

Carboxylic acid reacts with alcohols in the presence of mineral acid as a catalyst and forms esters. This reaction is called esterification.
Consider the following reaction for the preparation of ethyl acetate from ethanoic acid.

The mechanism involved in the above esterification reaction can be explained as follows:
Protonation of the –OH group of the acid enhances the nucleophilic attack by alcohol to give the ester.

Step 1: Protonation of carboxylic acid

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APPEARS IN

 2015-2016 (March) (with solutions)
Question 7.1 | 7.00 marks
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Explain the Mechanism of Esterification Concept: Carboxylic Acids - Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Reactions Involving Cleavege of C-OH Bond.
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