HSC Science (General) 12th Board ExamMaharashtra State Board
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Solution - Explain the Mechanism of Esterification - HSC Science (General) 12th Board Exam - Chemistry

Question

Explain the mechanism of esterification

Solution

Carboxylic acid reacts with alcohols in the presence of mineral acid as a catalyst and forms esters. This reaction is called esterification.
Consider the following reaction for the preparation of ethyl acetate from ethanoic acid.

The mechanism involved in the above esterification reaction can be explained as follows:
Protonation of the –OH group of the acid enhances the nucleophilic attack by alcohol to give the ester.

Step 1: Protonation of carboxylic acid

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Reference Material

Solution for question: Explain the Mechanism of Esterification concept: null - Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Reactions Involving Cleavege of C-OH Bond. For the courses HSC Science (General) , HSC Science (Computer Science), HSC Science (Electronics)
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