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What is the Basic Structural Difference Between Starch and Cellulose? - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

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Question

What is the basic structural difference between starch and cellulose?

Solution 1

Starch consists of two components − amylose and amylopectin. Amylose is a long linear chain of ∝−D−(+)−glucose units joined by C1−C4 glycosidic linkage (∝-link).

Amylopectin is a branched-chain polymer of ∝-D-glucose units, in which the chain is formed by C1−C4 glycosidic linkage and the branching occurs by C1−C6 glycosidic linkage.

On the other hand, cellulose is a straight-chain polysaccharide of β-D-glucose units joined by C1−C4 glycosidic linkage (β-link).

Solution 2

Starch consists of amylose and amylopectin. Amylose is a linear polymer of α-D-glucose while cellulose is a linear polymer of β -D- glucose. In amylose, C -1 of one glucose unit is connected to C – 4 of the other through α-glycosidic linkage. However in cellulose, C – 1 of one glucose unit is connected to C-4 of the other through β – glycosidic linkage. Amylopectin on the other hand has highly branched structure.

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Solution What is the Basic Structural Difference Between Starch and Cellulose? Concept: Carbohydrates - Polysaccharides - Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen.
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