Both Soap and Detergent Are Some Type of Salts. What is the Difference Between Them? - Science

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Both soap and detergent are some type of salts. What is the difference between them?

What is the difference between the molecules of soaps and detergents, chemically?

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Solution

Difference between soap and detergent:-

Soap molecules are sodium or potassium salts of long-chain carboxylic acids. They form scum upon reaction with calcium and magnesium ions present in hard water.

Detergent molecules are ammonium or sulphonate salts of long-chain carboxylic acids. They do not form insoluble precipitates with calcium and magnesium ions.

Concept: Soap
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2014-2015 (March) All India Set 1

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