Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Arrange in increasing order of basic strength C6H5 – NH2, C6H5 – CH2 – NH2, C6H5 – NH – CH3 - Chemistry

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Arrange the following in increasing order of their basic strength :

C6H5 – NH2, C6H5 – CH2 – NH2, C6H5 – NH – CH3

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Solution

C6H5-NH2 < C6H5-NH-CH3 < C6H5-CH2-NH2

Reason:-

C6H5-NH2 will be least basic because of the delocalisation of the lone pair of electrons present on the N-atom over the benzene ring due to the ‒R effect of the C6H5 group. However, C6H5-CH2-NH2 will be more basic than C6H5-NH-CH3 because of the electron-releasing nature of the CH3- group that increases the electron density on the N-atom, making the lone pair of electrons on the N-atom easily available for donation to a proton. The basicity of C6H5-NH-CH3 will be intermediate of C6H5-NH2 and C6H5-CH2-NH2 because the C6H5- group will tend to pull the electron density from the N-atom. On the other hand the CH3- group will tend to increase the electron density on the N-atom. Thus, the basic strength of the given amines will follow the above-mentioned order.

Concept: Physical Properties of Amines
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