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Arrange the Following in Increasing Order of Their Basic Strength - Chemistry

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Arrange the following in increasing order of their basic strength :

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Solution

Reason:-

The -CH3 group will increase the electron density on the benzene ring because of its +I effect, while the NO2 group will decrease the electron density on the benzene ring because of its ‒I effect. Hence, the C6H5-NH2 molecule having -CH3 group will be more basic than C6H5-NH2. Also, it will be more basic than the C6H5-NH2 molecule with the NO2 group.

Concept: Physical Properties of Amines
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