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Solution for The Areas of Two Similar Triangles Are 100 Cm2 and 49 Cm2 Respectively. If the Altitude the Bigger Triangle is 5 Cm, Find the Corresponding Altitude of the Other. - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

The areas of two similar triangles are 100 cm2 and 49 cm2 respectively. If the altitude the bigger triangle is 5 cm, find the corresponding altitude of the other.

Solution

We have, ΔABC ~ ΔPQR

Area(ΔABC) = 100 cm2,

Area (ΔPQR) = 49 cm2

AD = 5 cm

And AD and PS are the altitudes

By area of similar triangle theorem

`("Area"(triangleABC))/("Area"(trianglePQR))="AB"^2/"PQ"^2`

`rArr100/49="AB"^2/"PQ"^2`

`rArr10/7="AB"/"PQ"`             ............(i)

In ΔABD and ΔPQS

∠B = ∠Q                               [ΔABC ~ ΔPQR]

∠ADB = ∠PSQ                      [Each 90°]

Then, ΔABD ~ ΔPQS            [By AA similarity]

`therefore"AB"/"PQ"="AD"/"PS"`      .........(ii)[Corresponding parts of similar Δ are proportional]

Compare (i) and (ii)

`"AD"/"PS"=10/7`

`rArr5/"PS"=10/7`

`rArr"PS"=(5xx7)/10=3.5` cm

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Solution The Areas of Two Similar Triangles Are 100 Cm2 and 49 Cm2 Respectively. If the Altitude the Bigger Triangle is 5 Cm, Find the Corresponding Altitude of the Other. Concept: Areas of Similar Triangles.
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