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# In the Given Figure, Bd is a Side of a Regular Hexagon, Dc is a Side of a Regular Pentagon and Ad is a Diameter. Calculate : - ICSE Class 10 - Mathematics

ConceptArc and Chord Properties - the Angle that an Arc of a Circle Subtends at the Center is Double that Which It Subtends at Any Point on the Remaining Part of the Circle

#### Question

In the given figure, BD is a side of a regular hexagon, DC is a side of a regular pentagon and AD is a diameter. Calculate : (i) ∠ADC (ii) ∠BDA, (iii) ∠ABC, (iv) ∠AEC.

#### Solution Join BC, BO, CO and EO
Since BD is the side of a regular hexagon,

∠BOD = = 360/6 =60°
Since DC is the side of a regular pentagon,
∠COD = 360/5 = 72°
In ∆BOD. ∠BOD = 60° and OB = OD
∴ ∠OBD = ∠ODB = 60°

(i) In ∆OCD, ∠COD = 72° and OC = OD

∴ ∠ODC = 1/2 (180° - 72°)
= 1/2 xx 108°
= 54°

(ii) ∠BDO = 60° or ∠BDA = 60°

(iii) Arc AC subtends ∠AOC at the centre and
∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle.
∴ ∠ ABC = 1 /2∠AOC
= 1/2[∠AOD - ∠COD]
= 1/2 xx (180° - 72°)
= 1/2 xx108°
= 54°