CBSE (Science) Class 12CBSE
Share
Notifications

View all notifications
Books Shortlist
Your shortlist is empty

The Pressure P and Volume V of a Gas Are Connected by the Relation Pv1/4 = Constant. the Percentage Increase in the Pressure Corresponding to a Deminition of 1/2 % in the Volume is - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Mathematics

Login
Create free account


      Forgot password?

Question

The pressure P and volume V of a gas are connected by the relation PV1/4 = constant. The percentage increase in the pressure corresponding to a deminition of 1/2 % in the volume is

 

  • \[\frac{1}{2} \%\]

  • \[\frac{1}{4} \%\]

  • \[\frac{1}{8} \%\]

  • none of these

Solution

 \[\frac{1} {8} \]%

We have

\[\frac{\bigtriangleup V}{V} = \frac{- 1}{2} % \]

\[P V^\frac{1}{4} = \text { constant  }= k \left( \text { say } \right)\]

\[\text { Taking log on both sides, we get }\]

\[\log \left( P V^\frac{1}{4} \right) = \log k\]

\[ \Rightarrow \log P + \frac{1}{4}\log V = \log k\]

\[\text { Differentiating both sides w . r . t . x, we get }\]

\[\frac{1}{P}\frac{dP}{dV} + \frac{1}{4V} = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow \frac{dP}{P} = - \frac{dV}{4V} = - \frac{1}{4} \times \frac{- 1}{2} = \frac{1}{8}\]

\[\text { Hence, the increase in the pressure is } \frac{1}{8} \% .\]

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [2]

Solution The Pressure P and Volume V of a Gas Are Connected by the Relation Pv1/4 = Constant. the Percentage Increase in the Pressure Corresponding to a Deminition of 1/2 % in the Volume is Concept: Approximations.
S
View in app×